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Classroom And Environmental Accommodations For ADHD

By Ryan McDonald


With about three to five percent of US population affected by Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, you are bound to encounter a workmate or a student at a point in life. You therefore need to be prepared on how to handle such cases professionally to avoid compromising their performance or neglecting a person who would turn out to be a genius. There are environmental as well as classroom accommodations for ADHD persons that target such behaviors as interrupting activities, calling out, leaving their seats, etc.

It is recommended that you allocate them seats close to the teacher. This should also be away from doors and windows because they will easily be distracted. As a teacher, your access to these students should be uninterrupted. Create space so that their desks are accessible. Adjustments that should be made include provision of resistant bands, seat cushions and foot rests, among other enablers.

Students need to engage in assignments on regular basis. This is one of the most challenging environments because assistance from the teacher is limited. However, teachers still have options that include provision of fewer questions, breaking down the long sentences and providing extra time as well as a quieter space for work and tests. You should also provide the students with the opportunity to answer questions loud or fill answers on the sheet of paper.

ADHD students will be disadvantaged if education and examination rules are too strict. They need a lot of assistance in the learning process. For instance, paying attention to neatness during examination will lead to total failure. Other than focus on the answer, attention should be on effort and attempt at working out the question. Do not be mad when the paper is turned in late or partially complete. Such students have a short concentration span and thus are unable to handle long assignments.

The learning environment will determine the ability of the student to grasp content being taught. Directions or instructions should be given out loud and also be in written scripts. Use images like graphs and pictures which are easier for the students to comprehend. Allow a buddy to take notes for such a student. Giving an outline of the lesson to such a student aids in preparation. You should check to make sure that your student has understood the lesson. Instructions should be simplified and made as clear as possible.

Expect extraordinary behaviors whenever you are dealing with an ADHD student. Create a reward for certain improvements in behaviors. Shouting will scare the student. When correcting behavior, discuss the issue one on one. Check whether the student is experiencing personal frustrations in order to intervene. There are acts you can ignore as long as they are not disruptive.

Tests easily disadvantage students with attention deficiency and hyper activity disorder. A teacher must make the effort of intervening to accommodate their shortcomings. Do not squeeze tests within a short duration because it will overwhelm your student. Allow use of such assistive measures as word to text software, spell checkers, reference charts and calculators among others that ease understanding for the student.

There is not treatment yet for ADHD. All the medicines, therapies and other interventions are meant to make management easier besides improving functions for staff or student. Interventions available include physiotherapy, education, training and medication, among others. Each person will present unique symptoms and thus requires personalized attention to ensure that he or she reaches full potential.




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